Interaction of Vitamin B3 with Parent Uracil and Anticancer Uracils: A Detailed Computational Approach

Document Type : Full Paper


Chemistry Department, Payame Noor University, Tehran 19395-4697, Iran


A detailed study on the formed complexes from interaction between vitamin B3 with parent uracil and anticancer uracil's is performed using M06-2X/6-311++G(d,p) and B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) levels of theory. In the studied systems, the uracil's can be placed in three preferential interaction sites (A1–A3) in the vicinity of the vitamin B3. For each uracil group, three configurations corresponding to energetic local minima are obtained. Among the various hydrogen bonding sites, the A1 region of uracil's shows the strongest interactions at both levels of theory. The analyzed dimers are also stabilized by two hydrogen bonds (H-bonds). The predicted H-bonds in the formation of complexes are: O∙∙∙H-N and O(S)∙∙∙H-O. The topological properties of the electron density distribution are also analyzed in terms of the Quantum Theory of “Atoms in Molecules” (QTAIM). Furthermore, the natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis is applied to get a more precise insight about the nature of the H-bond interactions. The calculations reveal that, in most cases, the O(S)∙∙∙H-O H-bonds are stronger than the O∙∙∙H-N ones. The calculated energies of highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) show that charge transfer occurs within the molecules.