An Efficient Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-one Derivatives Promoted by Antimony Trichloride under Thermal and Solvent-free Conditions

Document Type : Full Paper


1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, P. O. Box 98135-674 Zahedan, Iran

2 Sistan & Baluchestan University, Zahedan, IRAN


An efficient and simple one-pot approach for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-one derivatives using antimony trichloride (SbCl3) as a mild catalyst by means of three-component Biginelli reaction between β-keto esters, aldehyde derivatives and urea/thiourea under thermal and solvent-free conditions with excellent yields and short reaction times is reported. This methodology offers several merits such as excellent yields, short reaction times, efficient, eco-friendly, solvent-free conditions, materials available, and simple operational procedure with no column chromatographic separation. The products are characterized by melting points and 1H NMR spectroscopy.