Thermal Plasma-processed Natural Hydroxyapatite-MnO2 Nanoparticles as a Reusable and Green Heterogeneous Catalyst for Aerobic Oxidation of Benzylic Alkyl Arenes and Alcohols

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Faculty of chemistry, Shahid beheshti university

2 Faculty of Chemistry, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran 19396-4716, Tehran, Iran

3 Laser-Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Evin, Tehran 19839-63113, Iran

4 1)Laser-Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Evin, Tehran 19839-63113, Iran 2)Physics Department, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Evin, Tehran 19839-63113, Iran

Abstract

In the present work, we have reported the in situ oxidation of manganese (II) acetate to MnO2 nanoparticles through the thermal plasma carbonized natural hydroxyapatite (MnO2/TP-NHAp) as a neoteric sustainable method. Interestingly, the thermal plasma-processed surface of the NHAp shows a great ability for oxidation of the manganese (II) without need of any external oxidizing agents. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The catalytic activity of MnO2/TP-NHAp was investigated in the selective aerobic oxidation of alcohols and benzylic alkyl arenes at 80 °C in toluene under an atmospheric pressure of air as a source of oxidant. Since the catalyst can be easily recovered and reused at least for four consecutive cycles without losing significant activity and selectivity, it showed admirable potential in reusable catalysis.

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