Ultrasound-assisted Method for the Synthesis of 3-Methyl-4-arylmethylene Isoxazole-5(4H)-ones Catalyzed by Imidazole in Aqueous Media

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Laboratory of Organic Chemistry Research, Department of Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry, University of Kashan, 87317-51167 Kashan, I.R, Iran

2 Laboratory of Organic Chemistry Research, Department of Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry, University of Kashan, 87317-51167 Kashan, I.R, Iran.

3 University of Kashan

Abstract

In the present study, an attempt has been made to synthesize 3-methyl-4-arylmethylene isoxazole-5(4H)-one derivatives through sonication of hydroxylamine hydrochloride, ethyl acetoacetate and benzaldehyde derivatives in the presence of imidazole as a novel and effective catalyst in aqueous media. This green reaction under ultrasound irradiation has advantageous compared to conventional procedures in view of its shorter reaction times, high isolated yields, avoidance of using organic solvents, simple experimental procedure and workup and energy conservation. A combination of the advantages of ultrasound irradiation, homogeneous catalyst and aqueous media provides an important methodology for carrying out catalytic transformations.

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